Introduction

History of IVRD

The period 1977-1987

After the reunification of the country in 1975, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) issued Decision No. 213-NN/TC-QD dated 23 July 1977 which established  The Central Vietnam Veterinary Institute (Institute) as an arm of the Vietnam Veterinary Institute. The Institute initially focused principally on the fields of research, animal medicine production and training of local veterinarian officers. Structurally it was organized with two research divisions, three technical divisions, two production facilities to produce animal vaccines and medicines, and  an experimental animal farm in the Suoi Dau commune, Dien Khanh district.

On 26th June, 1979, Vietnam’s Prime Minister issued Decision No. 222/TTg approving “A plan for the design and construction of the Central Vietnam Veterinary Institute”. Subsequently, in December 1979, the Chairman of Phu Khanh Provincial People’s Committee granted the Institute an area of 4 ha located at Duong De hamlet, Vinh Hai ward, Nha Trang.

In June 1987, the 1.2 ha located at km4, road 2/3, Vinh Hai commune, Nha Trang city  was granted to the Institute by the Phu Khanh Provincial  People’s Committee.

At this time, the Institute was focused on developing its internal organization, expanding its research divisions, increasing the number of specialized technical divisions with their sub-units, and equipping its production facilities with vaccine lyophilization machines and automatic fermentation tanks.

The period 1988 – 2003

In November 1993, the Institute officially relocated to Km4, 2/4 Street, Vinh Hai ward, Nha Trang city, Khanh Hoa province and began to more fully develop its facilities for vaccine production and the experimental animal area.  At this time, the equipment and facilities for research and production were also upgraded in order to increase the quality and quantity of the Institute’s products.

During this period, the institute was continually deploying new research projects, surveying disease situations in the Central coastal provinces of Vietnam and abolished its subsidization programs in favor of distributing vaccines according to a market mechanism.

In 2003, the Institute was honorably awarded with the Labour Medal of the First degree by the Government with many Certificates of merit by MARD and the Khanh Hoa Provincial People’s Committee.

The period  2004 – Now

From 2004 to present, the Institute has continued to expand its research activities, upgrade its research facilities and initiate new research projects in both the domestic and international arenas.

In April 2005, MARD added the field of animal disease diagnostics to the Institute’s agenda and approved a project to construct an US8 million building for the Animal disease Diagnostic which officially launched in 2009.

In 2007, in line with the renovation and development strategy of the Party and the Government, the Institute shifted its centrally controlled into self-control and self-responsibility, according to Decree 115/2005/NĐ-CP of Government. This shift historically highlighted the full development of the Institute.

Especially, during this period, the Institute received significant support through various projects of MARD, the Department of Animal Health and other organizations such as FAO and UNSDP which provided some ten million VND of modern equipment for diagnostics such as PCR and ELISA.  Furthermore, staff of the Institute received good chances to get training of basic techniques in Vietnam and abroad.

Currently, the Institute comprises of 11 units including 4 specialization divisions, 4 research groups, 1 diagnostic division and 1 establishment for vaccine production with more than 100 qualified staff in total.

Functions and tasks of the Institute have also been broadened:

Conducting scientific research serving for epidemic disease prevention in livestock and aquatic animals in Central and Highland provinces of Vietnam.

Studying and applying biotechnology in veterinary, animal husbandry, aquaculture and environmental treatment.

Transferring advanced techniques, applied technologies for veterinary and animal husbandry services; participating in training human resources in the field of veterinary medicine.

Providing diagnostics and prevention services for animal epidemic diseases in Central and Highland provinces.

Producing variety of vaccines, bio-substances and veterinary medicines for the prevention of epidemic diseases in livestock and aquatic species.

Trading, importing and exporting materials, chemicals, bio-substances and veterinary medicines.

Doing research on aquatic diseases and biotechnology.

Up to now, numerous research works of the Institute have been presented at national scientific workshops, and published in national and international scientific journals. There have been 12 vaccine products for which the Institute has been awarded with Golden Cups of the Vietnam Agriculture at the International Agricultural Fairs in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh city.  Institute products have been distributed to most of the provinces and major cities in Vietnam. All of these achievements have led an increase of 15% in revenue on average every year.